Probiotics have become an important topic of health conversations in recent years as scientists and the public became more aware of the importance of a healthy digestive system.

However, probiotics are by no means a one-size-fits-all solution and the field is a relatively complex, fluid one.

What exactly are probiotics? 
Probiotics are microorganisms (almost always bacteria) that have beneficial effects on the body and its functioning. These microorganisms are the same or similar to those already naturally occurring in the human body. Probiotic supplements are therefore commonly taken to correct a deficiency of specific bacteria.

Probiotics, both those that occur naturally in the body and those obtained from food and/or supplements, are largely concentrated in the gastrointestinal tract where they form part of your intestinal flora. Healthy intestinal flora is an essential part of digestion, and deficiencies here can have a number of negative health consequences.

Some of the most commonly occurring strains are those in the Bacteroides family, which make up approximately 30% of all the bacteria in the gut.

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